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|21 CM H1 Line Spectra of Galaxies in Nearby Clusters|
A compilation of HI line fluxes, systemic velocities and line widths ispresented for \Ndet detected galaxies, mostly in the vicinities of 30nearby rich clusters out to a redshift of z ~ .04, specifically for usein applications of the Tully-Fisher distance method. New 21 cm HI lineprofiles have been obtained for ~ 500 galaxies in 27 Abell clustersvisible from Arecibo. Upper limits are also presented for \Nnod galaxiesfor which HI emission was not detected. In order to provide ahomogeneous line width determination optimized for Tully-Fisher studies,these new data are supplemented by the reanalysis of previouslypublished spectra obtained both at Arecibo and Green Bank that areavailable in a digital archive. Corrections for instrumental broadening,smoothing, signal-to-noise and profile shape are applied, and anestimate of the error on the width is given. When corrected forturbulent broadening and viewing angle, the corrected velocity widthspresented here will provide the appropriate line width parameter neededto derive distances via the Tully-Fisher relation.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|A spatial, kinematical, and dynamical analysis of Abell 400|
The paper presents a detailed spatial, kinematical, and dynamicalanalysis for the cluster A400, based on a nearly complete redshiftsurvey of bright galaxies within 1 Mpc of the cluster center. Adispersed component with a high fraction of spiral galaxies at avelocity of 8200 km/s, and a background group with a mean velocity of13,400 km/s are identified. It is proposed that the main body of A400 iscomposed of at least two individual subclusters. If subclustering isignored, the derived dispersion of the 88 galaxies with measuredvelocities within 4000 km/s of the bright dumbbell galaxy near thecluster center is 702 km/s. When kinematic information is used to splitA400 into likely subclusters, the velocity dispersions of the individualunits which make up this cluster are on the order of 200-300 km/s. IfA400 is considered a single entity, the inferred blue mass-to-lightratio is 1210 solar masses/solar luminosities. It is argued that A400 isan example of a presently occurring merger, and that the individualcomponents of the dumbbell galaxy were once individual D galaxies withinthe premerger subclusters.
|The kinematics of Abell clusters|
Velocity histograms, galaxy positions, and velocity dispersions arepresented for 69 nearby Abell clusters. The shape of the cumulativedistribution for R = 1 or more clusters does not match the predictionsof standard CDM models for any biasing parameter b. The only modelsconsistent with the median and maximum dispersions of the sample arethose of b about 1.6-2.0 and in which clusters are identified in threedimensions. Velocity dispersions of high-redshift systems appearfundamentally different from those of nearby clusters. The mediandispersion of the subset of 25 cD clusters is similar to that of non-cDsystems. A substantial fraction of the cD galaxies have velocitiessignificantly different from the mean of their parent clusters. Three ofthese have 4 s or more measured redshifts. These last two resultssuggest that the formation of cD galaxies is dominated by the local,rather than global, cluster environment.
|The evolution of galaxies in clusters. IV - Photometry of 10 low-redshift clusters|
Colors and magnitudes, obtained from Palomar 48 inch (1.2 m) Schmidtplates in the J and F bands, and morphological types are presented forgalaxies in the cores of 10 nearby clusters of galaxies. In the typicalcluster, the sample includes all galaxies within a radius of 1.5 Mpc(assuming H(0) = 50 km/s/Mpc) of the cluster center and brighter than J= 17.5.The accuracy of the photometry varies with cluster, but mostmagnitudes are accurate to 0.10 mag, and typical errors in the colorsare of the same order. As expected, the colors of the elliptical and S0galaxies show a narrow dispersion about a mean color which decreaseswith magnitude. However, the colors of the spiral galaxies are notentirely as expected, having a smaller dispersion than would have beenpredicted from their morphological types.
|A catalog of morphological types in 55 rich clusters of galaxies|
Data are presented from a study of 55 rich clusters of galaxies. Thedata include positions, morphological types, estimated total magnitudes,bulge sizes, and ellipticities for about 6000 galaxies, as determinedfrom high scale photographic plates. Data reduction procedures aredescribed, and a brief analysis of cluster richness, which indicatesthat Abell richness classes are only rough indicators of total clustermembership, is included.
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